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ImageImageIELTS Academic Module Writing Test-5
Enrollment of Students in Australian Universities

The graphs below show the enrollments of overseas students and local students in Australian universities over a ten year period.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 Words. 
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The graphs below show the enrollments of overseas students and local students in Australian universities over a ten year period from the year 2000 to 2010.

The graph on left hand side gives information about overseas students and the graph on right hand side is about local students.

In both of the graphs, X axis indicates years and Y axis indicates number of students enrolled.

In the overseas graph, between the years 2000 to 2010 total number of overseas students on the roll is 80000. Half of them could be new enrollments say about 40000 students.

Similarly in case of local students’ total number of students on roll between the years 2000 to 2010 is 600,000 out of which 200,000 are new enrollments. The rates of increase in enrollments of international students show a dramatic rise. It almost doubles every five years. 

In summary, unlike local Australian students, quite significant rising trend in enrollment is of overseas students is seen in the graphs. This rising trend is indicative of appreciable growth of Australian universities. 

(174 Words)

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The table below shows consumer preferences for the features of automatic washing machines in different countries. 
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. 
Write at least 150 Words.
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The table below shows consumer preferences for the features of automatic washing machines in the countries UK, Germany, France and Sweden.. Different features elaborated are Shell dimensions (height and weight), Drum material, Loading, Capacity in kg, Spin speed RPM, Water heating system, Styling features and Washing action.
1. On shell dimension factor UK and France prefers 34” and narrow whereas Germany and Sweden prefer 34” and wide.
2. On Drum material side, UK and France prefer Enamel whereas Germany and Sweden prefer Stainless steel.
3. UK prefers loading from the Top whereas Germany, France and Sweden prefer loading from front.
4. Capacity wise UK and France prefer 5 KG unlike Germany and Sweden preferring 6 KG.
5. On the speed side preferences of UK, Germany, France and Sweden are, 700 rpm, 850 rpm, 600 rpm and 800 rpm respectively.
6. Water heating system is preferred by UK and Sweden whereas Germany and France don’t prefer it.
7. On Styling feature all the four countries have different choice of appearance. UK prefers Inconspicuous, Germany prefers Indestructible, France prefers Elegant and Sweden prefers Strong.
8. On the dimension of washing action, UK and France prefer Agitator whereas Germany and Sweden prefer Tumble. 
In summary, preferences of UK and France are similar and that of Germany and Sweden are similar. 
(217 Words)

 

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The table and Graph below give information about the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and employment sectors of a developing country.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

(Write at least 150 Words)

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The table and Graph below give information about the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and employment sectors of a developing country.

The table indicates that (a) Natural resources generate 77.4% of employment that contributes to 19.29% of GDP. (b) Industry generates 3.6% of employment that and 15.4% of GDP.  (c1) Service sector like trade, restaurants and hotels generate 4.9% of employment and 37.1% of GDP.  (C2) Other service sector like Transport and communication generate 1.6% of employment and 8.4% of GDP. (D) Government sector generates 8.7% of employment that contributes 12.5% of GDP. (E)  Others generate 3.8% of employment and 8.4% of GDP.

Sectors like Industry, Trade hotels and restaurants, Transport and Communication and others contribute towards employment between 1.6 to 4.9%. However Government contribution towards employment is seen to be higher to 8.7%. Nevertheless Natural resources contribute 77.4% of employment that is extremely significant and appreciable.

From the graph of GDP from the year 2001 to 2010, it is seen that Service sector has slightly declined between the years 2004 to 2010. On the other hand industry indicates gradual rise and Natural Resources indicate more or less steady pattern. 

 

(189 Words)

Nitrogen Concentration in Groundwater

The diagram shows nitrogen sources and concentration levels in the ground water of a coastal city.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting main features.

Write at least 150 Words

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The diagram shows sources of nitrogen and its concentration levels in the groundwater of a coastal city.  Different levels of nitrogen concentration have been indicated with the help of colour density here in the diagram.  The diagram also shows the saltwater interface.

The water from different sources enters the land and creates a land fill. Those sources are waste disposal, Leaks from storage tanks and waste water ponds of industries, Household liquid waste, Fertilizers and Coastal vegetation. With the coastal vegetation, the process of nitrogen fixation has also been shown in the diagram.  In the rainwater, nitrogen oxidation takes place due to lightning. All this water entering the soil creates a water table in the earth as indicated in the diagram (top). Ammonia degassing and Nitrate uptake by soil particles are also indicated. The diagram also indicates with the help of arrows, the direction of flow of groundwater that reaches groundwater discharge zone and finally migrates into the ocean.

 

(159 Words)

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FAMINE

A famine may be defined the act of “The God”, a Force majeure whereby an acute shortage of food for the people and animal life occurs. Famine occurs either due to acute shortage of rains or massive rain falls. Shortage of the rain causes non-growth of crops and the latter may cause floods and the harvest is washed out. One more cause of famine is ravage of locusts on the crops. Locusts eat away the entire crops and hence the famine.

Water is most essential for the agriculture and farming. In the absence of required rains, the soil remains dry and hot hence no crop can grow thereby causing famine.

The greatest famines that occurred in India took place in Bengal in the year 1770 and 1947 and Odisha in the year 1869. During these famines numerous human lives were lost due to starvation. Due to famine and hunger, the men and women lose humanity and turn brutal and merciless

Unlike olden days, now a days the relief has been possible due proliferation of automobiles. This makes the transport easy. Also many charitable institutions, NGOs and government come forward for the help and rescue.  The rescue operations and food supply operations are carried out with the help of Army, Police by using helicopters.

In summary, during the famine not only human lives are lost but the animal life like cows, bullocks, horses, donkeys, camels and other wild life animals too suffer starvation and die.  A famine is a “force majeure” and the act of the God.

 

(256 Words)

 

 

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Flood

Excessive supplies of water from natural source say rains result into flood. This excess volume of water goes into rivers and hence river bed swells and water overflows all over. This overflow of water is called “Flood”.

Water thus enters farms, villages, towns and cities. This situation is called “Flood Situation.” When water floods over the farms the crops are badly damaged or ruined.  When crops are ruined the food supply is affected and the situation of a “Famine” occurs.

When water gushes into villages, towns and cities with a violent current, it results into collapse of houses, buildings and many other establishments. Numerous human and animal lives may be lost by floods.   

Floods give rise to tremendous pollution. The dead animals and human bodies get decomposed and spread foul smell everywhere. This atmosphere pollution results into spread of several diseases like typhoid fever, cholera, leptospirosis and hepatitis A and Vector-borne diseases, such as malaria, dengue and dengue haemorrhagic fever, yellow fever, and West Nile Fever. After the floods the government has a herculean task of cleaning affected areas and rehabilitation of the occupants of such areas.

 

Floods normally have the worst effect on the villages and localities near the river banks and coastal areas. Hence government with the help of Army, Police and Air service try and evacuate population from such areas and shift people to safe areas.

 

In nutshell flood is a natural calamity that is disastrous. We can’t prevent the floods but we can surely minimise them by our efforts towards (1) Saving Jungles (2) Avoiding making catchment areas in colonies (3) Proper waste disposal and (4) Growing more and more trees and creating green belts.   

 

(279 Words)

 

 

 

 

University Education — (Sample Essay for IELTS and TOEImage

University Education — (Sample Essay for IELTS and TOEFL aspirants )

Universities should be concerned with educating people so that they have wide general knowledge and be able to consider important matters from an informed viewpoint, and not simply prepare students for jobs required by society.
To what extent you agree or disagree?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
(Write at least 250 Words)
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I fully agree to the viewpoint that Universities should be concerned with educating people so that they have wide general knowledge and be able to consider important matters from an informed viewpoint, and not simply prepare students for jobs required by society. We must remember that a student of today is the leader of tomorrow.

“Life is a continuous learning process” and a university is an institution for the purpose of imparting highest quality of education for the progress and development of the student. This would lead the community to progress, development and prosperity.

Human society requires universities – they are an essential part of our civilization, our educational provision, our search for new knowledge and our civic life. Universities teach subjects in great depth and detail. Teaching is done by individuals whose knowledge and insight may be the best in the world. However to study is the responsibility of the student. The lecturers are there to guide and assist but not to direct. At its best, it is about the passing on of general knowledge and information and the training of a mind to think in a different way. The skills that are obtained will not only enable the student to perform a high-level job well but also enable him or her to consider important matters from an informed viewpoint differently than the mass. The acquisition and analysis of data, the construction of a lucid and robust argument, mechanisms for defending that argument and how to communicate it effectively, increases student’s confidence in his or her own intellectual capabilities. 

For many students, their courses at university are giving them technical skills which will be essential for their chosen career – engineers, doctors, nurses, computer programmers, scientists, lawyers. These insights will help develop a desired career. 

In nutshell, universities should educate people so that they have quite a wide general knowledge and information so that they are able to consider important matters from a well informed viewpoint. Not to forget that “Students of today are the nation builders of tomorrow,” University education should not be simply subjective; it must be objective. 

(350 Words)